• mohd.shakib@smanik.com
  • June 10, 2017

In Part II we will take a look at how many votes does each party block have to determine who has the upper hand.

The electoral college comprises of members from the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, and the Legislative Assemblies. Let’s take a look at how the different political parties are stacked up across the three categories

I. Members of Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha has 543 members. Out of this two seats are currently vacant — Anantnag and Gurdaspur. The BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) has a majority in Lok Sabha with 336 members. The Congress-led UPA has 49 members while the anti-BJP parties have 85 members. There are 71 members who belong to the neutral category. These parties are AIADMK, Biju Janata Dal, Telangana Rashtriya Samiti and Independents. They belong to neither NDA nor the UPA and have not taken a hard position against NDA in the house.


Here, it’s important to note that:


UPA = Congress + IUML + RSP + KC(M)


Neutral = AIADMK + BJD + TRS + Independents

Therefore, in terms of electoral votes, with per value of vote of an MP at 708, this is likely to be the scenario.

Camps Value of votes Total votes of Lok Sabha (in percentage)
NDA 237,888 62.10
UPA 34,692 9.10
Anti-BJP 60,180 15.70
Neutral 50,268 13.10
Total 383,028 100.00

As you can see in the table above, the NDA camp leads the pack with 2.38 lakh votes accounting for 62% of total Lok Sabha votes of all electors. It’s nearly 2.5 times of UPA and anti-BJP votes combined together.

II. Members of Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha currently has 243 members out of which there are 12 nominated members who are not allowed to vote in the presidential election. Out of the 231 electors, NDA has 70, UPA 65, Anti-BJP 67 and Neutral 29 members. NDA is in minority in the Upper House.

Even if we assume all Neutral electors to vote for NDA candidate, it will still be lagging behind UPA + Anti-BJP electors by 32 seats in the Rajya Sabha. There are 10 MPs who will retire this year in July or August. Their term is likely to end just after the Presidential elections and will not have any impact on the process.


In terms of electoral votes, with per value of vote of an MP at 708, this is likely to be the scenario.

Camps Value of votes Total votes of Lok Sabha (in percentage)
NDA 49,560 62.10
UPA 46,020 9.10
Anti-BJP 47,436 15.70
Neutral 20,532 13.10
Total 163,548 100.00

While NDA is the single largest group with 49k votes or 30 percent, anti-BJP forces are in majority in Rajya Sabha. This is negated by the fact that total value of votes of Lok Sabha is 2.35 times Rajya Sabha.

On a combined basis, NDA leads the pack amongst electors of Parliament (both Upper as well as Lower House) with 53 percent of total votes.

Camps Value of votes Total votes of Lok Sabha (in percentage)
NDA 287,448 52.6
UPA 80,712 14.8
Anti-BJP 107,616 19.7
Neutral 70,800 13.0
Total 546,576 100.00

III. Members of Legislative Assemblies

As discussed in Part I, the value of votes of an MLA is not fixed, unlike the value of the vote of an MP. All 31 states including union territories (Delhi and Puducherry) which have state assemblies put together have 4,120 MLAs (four seats are currently vacant). The recent state Assembly wins particularly in Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Manipur have given a significant boost to the BJP/NDA tally.

The NDA today has the highest number of MLAs in the country at 1,804 (44 percent). The UPA together with Anti-BJP parties has a slightly higher representation at 1,874 MLAs (45.5 percent). The neutral parties have 438 members.


The formula for the value of a vote is based on the population of the state as discussed in Part I. The value of the vote of an MLA is maximum in UP at 208, followed by Tamil Nadu and  Jharkhand at 176, Maharashtra at 175 and Bihar at 173. The BJP is in power in three of these states. The weighted average of the value of a vote of MLA is c.134. AIADMK which is in power in Tamil Nadu is currently maintaining a neutral stance, occupied in sorting out leadership issue.

In terms of electoral votes, this is likely to be the scenario:

Camps Value of votes Total votes of Lok Sabha (in percentage)
NDA 239,923 43.7
UPA 93,137 17.0
Anti-BJP 152,776 27.8
Neutral 63,107 11.5
Total 548,943 100

The NDA leads the pack here as well with 2.4 lakh votes accounting for 44 percent of total MLA votes as per electoral college. The UPA plus Anti-BJP parties have slightly higher votes at 2.45 lakhs. This is in line with the representation in state assemblies.

Blocks Lok Sabha Rajya Sabha State Assemblies Grand Total Percentage of Grand Total
NDA 237,888 49,560 239,923 527,371 48.10%
UPA 34,692 46,020 93,137 173,849 15.90%
Anti-BJP 60,180 47,436 152,776 260,392 23.80%
Neutral 50,268 20,532 63,107 133,907 12.20%
Total 383,028 163,548 548,943 1,095,519 1,095,519

Consolidated Position of Electoral College

NDA is ahead at the moment in Electoral College votes. It enjoys c.5.27 lakh votes. UPA is way behind at 1.74 lakh votes. Even if one combines, Ant-BJP votes with UPA, they still lag behind NDA by 93k votes. Neutral Block which consists of TRS, BJD, AIADMK and Independents will play a crucial role.


To sum up, NDA is clearly ahead in the race thanks mainly to its performance in the state Assembly elections post its emphatic win in 2014. The UPA and anti-BJP forces are lagging behind by a good 8.5 percent. The neutral category electors (three regional parties and independents) hold the keys to which group gets its candidate elected.

(This piece is based on the assumption that MPs and MLAs will vote for candidates backed by their parties and there is no cross voting. The analysis is only of first preference votes.)

This article was oroginally published in FirstPost



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