The 7th Lok Sabha elections were held in 1980, two years ahead of schedule. In 1977 Janata Party alliance won elections and formed govt. but there were inherent contradictions in coalition. Plus they had a thin majority of 295 seats. Many leaders had Prime Ministerial ambitions. Charan Singh withdrew support to the govt. in 1979 and Morarji Desai resigned. Charan Singh staked claim to form govt backed by Congress. Even he had to resign in 1980 as Congress backed out, he being in office for only 3 weeks.
6 national parties and 30 state parties contested for 542 seats. Congress again swept elections, 353 seats, up 199 seats from 1977. Split in Janata Party helped Indira. Janata Party (Morarji Desai) and Janata Party Secular (Charan Singh) fought separately and got 72 seats only. Congress came back strongly in UP and Bihar (81 seats). Janata Party (Secular) won 29 out of its 41 seats in UP. People voted for Congress as they didn’t want an ustable coalition govt. Something current generation voters must learn from. 12 constituencies of Assam didn’t go to polls along with national elections.
|Name of Party||Seats Won||Change||Votes %|
|INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS (INC) (I)||353||199||43%|
|INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS (INC) (U)||13||10||5%|
|COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (CPI)||10||3||2%|
|JANTA PARTY (JNP)||31||(223)||19%|
|JANTA PARTY(SECULAR) JNP(S)||41||9%|
|CUMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MARXIST)( CPM)||37||15||6%|
|OTHER STATE PARTIES||34||(15)||8%|
|REGISTERED UNRECOGNISED PARTIES||1||(2)||1%|
Source: Statistical Report, Election Commission of India, 1980
Some Interesting Facts