Author: @Simpl_eThoughts is a friend and a keen political observer. Views expressed here are personal.
BJP’s trysts with the 2 Dravidian parties began with an alliance with ADMK along with Ramadoss’s PMK and Vaiko’s MDMK in 1998, when the NDA won 30 out of the 39 seats in Tamil Nadu. However, J Jayalalitha pulled the rug from under NDA in 1999, only after 13 months; an ill-advised move brokered by Dr Subramanian Swamy – a move brokered with the sole motive of bringing down BJP government (rumours that Swamy was unhappy being denied Finance Ministry) and installing the Congress backed government at all costs. A move which resulted in elections in 1999, where ADMK was replaced by DMK in NDA, PMK and MDMK remained as part of NDA. NDA, this time won 26 out of the 39 seats. DMK proved a lot more reliable when it came to alliance with the party running the central government, the only consistency that they have shown over years – to be part of any alliance in the Union government.
However, with the sudden communal colour given to BJP in 2004 post the Gujarat riots, and DMK reading the ground situation really well allied with Congress in 2004. BJP allied with ADMK again in 2004, after strong pro-Hindu form shown by J Jayalalitha during her tenure post 2001 in the state. The anti-incumbency against ADMK was too strong to handle for the NDA alliance, which lost all the 39 seats to DMK-Congress alliance in 2004. Post this, BJP has pretty much been alone and non-descript in the southern state.
There were strong parleys to form a pre-poll alliance between BJP and ADMK in 2014, with political analyst Cho Ramaswamy having gone all in to get this deal done. However, J Jayalalitha’s PM ambitions proved a deal breaker. BJP having left out by the 2 Dravidian parties stitched together a 3rd front. The significant ground work by the cadres, the Modi effect, and the stitching up of the 3rd front by BJP has given it a fighting chance in 2014 to better its fortunes.
Come 16th May, Tamil Nadu may very well spring a stunning surprise to all. Most analysts are reserving their analysis of raw data from the state post polling on 24th April; because it is too stunning to be believed. Regardless of this data, from pre-poll expectations, the NDA could be fairly expected to win about 4-6 seats. (Politicalbaaba predicts 8 seats based on information from the ground.)
This by itself would be significant for the sole reason that, since Congress lost the state almost 4 decades back, there has never been a 3rd force in the state’s electoral politics. It is nothing but a big effort that BJP was able to put up this front which even the Congress was not able to do.
This could not have been possible without the intervention of fate in the form of a blunder by ADMK supremo J Jayalalitha. In hindsight, an ADMK-BJP pre-poll alliance would have given a white wash in favour of the alliance. But, does it really come out well for the BJP in return?
On the flip side,
In hindsight, the situation bodes very well for BJP in TN. How they use this opportunity to be larger force in TN assembly elections in 2016 depends upon how they tackle the few most important issues in TN.
While, these issues might by themselves would take long to resolve, any indication of positive movement in these issues would go a long way in creating goodwill for BJP not just with the direct beneficiaries, but with the larger educated middle class.